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Easter – Completion of a Jewish Feast, A review

April 4, 2010

The Feasts of Israel,  Hebrew Date,  Our date

Passover – Nissan 14 – March April

Unleavened Bread – Nissan 15-21 – March April (15th day began the Unleavened bread which lasts for 7 days)

First Fruits – Nissan 16 – March April (1st Sunday after Passover (Sabbath)

Pentecost – Sivan 6 – May June

Trumpets – Tishri 1 – September October

Day of Atonement – Tishri 10 – September October

Tabernacles – Tishri 15-21 – September October

Oldest recorded feast


Feast symbolic of the Rapture


Feasts not yet fulfilled by Christ

Trumpets, Day of Atonement, Tabernacles

1st and last feast (book ends)

Passover, Tabernacles

The feast that commemorated the giving of the law to Moses.


Sacred Assemblies shall be known as

Holy Convocation

No work done day – not even in the home


This feast does not have an exact date given to it.

First Fruits

This feast more closely replicates our Easter morning.

First Fruits

Book and Chapter where we find the order and the direction of the feasts.

Leviticus 23


Feast symbolic of the Lamb of God being slain.


The feast where two goats are used in the ritual

Day of Atonement

Two overlapping feasts – can have 2 on the same day

Unleavened bread and first fruits (bread and fruit go together) (In some places in the Bible – Passover and unleavened Bread are used interchangeably because they are so close together.)

3 Feasts where males had to return to Jerusalem

Passover, Pentecost, Tabernacles

What time was Jesus nailed to the cross and what time did he give up His life?

Nailed on cross at 9am and gave up his life at 3pm (had to come down before 6pm)


Feast that indicates the millennial reign of Christ


Feast symbolic of Christ’s body in the grave for 3 days

Unleavened Bread

Symbolic of the 2nd advent of Christ


-Passover – Pesach Exodus 12 (The Passover)

-Is the oldest recorded feast in the bible

-Is symbolic of the lamb of God being slain

-Jesus on the day of the Passover feast was nailed to cross at 9am and gave up his life at 3pm.

justification of believer, We were justified at the Passover.  It established our position in Christ. In justification, we are declared not guilty. God credits Jesus’ righteousness to our spiritual bank account. Passover is our justification. I have been justified by Jesus Christ.

-one day feast.

-‘Taking Israel out of Egypt’. 

-1 Cor 5:7 Christ, our Passover, has been sacrificed for us.

– Passover season was the barley harvest – known as the ‘ poor man’s bread’

– Passover – God’s Peace

-Unleavened Bread – Hag Hamatozot Lev. 23:6-8

-God was ‘taking Egypt out of Israel’. Egypt represents darkness, sin, evil, the world. We can accept Christ today, but it doesn’t mean we will walk the way Jesus wants us to walk yet. That is a journey of sanctification. We are saved but we still have sin to remove from our lives. Removing sin out of the believer’s life each day, a new battle each day. This is the sanctification process.

-symbolic of Christ body in grave for 3 days.  During the 3 days in the tomb (the heart of earth), during the time of unleavened bread, he removed the works of the devil.  He took the keys back.  He became sin for us. Jesus removed sin from the earth.  Our worldly attitudes and sinful ways were buried with Jesus in the grave.

-Unleavened bread represents Jesus power over sin and sickness.

-During Unleavened Bread they cleaned the house of leaven and removed all the leaven. For seven days there is no leaven in the house. It is a reminder to cleanse our lives of sin and everything that is not in line with God.

-1 Cor 5:8 Let us keep the feast of unleavened bread by purging out our sin. Jesus purged out our sins on the cross.

-First Fruits – Leviticus 23:9-14

-the Sunday after Passover, Jesus was resurrected.  Priest waving sheaf before the Lord and offered a lamb for sacrifice.

– This feast stands for the believer’s resurrection with Christ and our future bodily resurrection.  We are saved from our old life to new life in Jesus.  Put off the old man, and put on the new man.  It is not enough to wash off the outside, we also have to clean up our inside. We have to walk in the spirit (Gal 5:16) and you will not fulfill the works of the flesh.  The evidence of this is the Fruits of the spirit (gal 5:22,23).  Fruits of the spirit – love, joy, peace, goodness, kindness, gentleness, faithfulness, patience and self control. We should walk in these everyday. When we are walking in the Spirit and exhibiting the fruits of the spirit, we are presenting ourselves as a wave offering to God.

– Purpose was to consecrate the harvest to God, by taking the first cuttings and saying this is yours.  All of harvest belonged to God, and reminded them of their stewardship.  God gave them the land, it all belonged to Him. It was God’s harvest and they were responsible to be good stewards of what God gave them. This is important to us because the Tithe is the first portion. It is all God’s, we give the first 10 percent as a way of saying this is all your and I am asking your blessings upon it.

How did Jesus fulfill first fruits

                                    -He (Christ) is the first born

            -The Believers (church) He is the first born among believers

– Christ was to suffer and to be the first to be raised from physical and spiritual death.

– First fruits help us remember that it all belongs to God. God wants our heart and not our money. 

How do we partake of first fruits?

-(see Abraham in Gen 14), – given as a sacrifice. The first fruits were given to the priests to sustain them. The priests were provided for.  God wants his priests to be taken care of.

-The first fruits of land (Jericho was a first fruit for God).

-Leviticus 27 the first fruits of animals – sacrifices – they always used the best animals for sacrifices. God use the best for sacrifices.  Do I give God my best?

-First born male of every family belonged to God and had special privileges:

– had right of rulership over family. Ruled the family after the father’s death.

– given priesthood – given direction and instruction, from God how to administer (run) the family.

– Given a double portion of the inheritance.

                        – The church is the first fruits of:



– Jesus resurrection fulfilled first fruits. 1 Cor 15:20 Christ is risen from the dead and become the first fruits of those who slept. Churches today are filled with people who are asleep. We have a responsibility to wake them up. We are His hands feet and mouthpiece.

– Christ was the first fruit and he passed it on to us.


-Pentecost – Shavuot 50 days after Passover – happens in June

-Priest waved two loaves – one for Jews and one for Gentiles. This signifies that God is giving His Holy Spirit to all people.

– Acts – Fulfillment of Pentecost when Jesus baptized the disciples in the Upper room with the Holy Spirit.  To be filled with Holy Spirit is available to all people (Jews and Gentiles).

– 50 days after first fruits, was the celebration of the completion of the wheat harvest.

– Pentecost – wheat harvest – known as the rich man’s bread

We are much richer with Jesus in our lives.

– The two loaves were made of fine flour carefully sifted to separate the coarse matter from the wheat. This is a symbol of our righteousness.

– It expressed the Hebrews dependence on God for the harvest and their daily bread. In other words – we can’t do it on our own, we need the blood of Christ.

– the Jews celebrated Pentecost as a memorial to the time when God gave the law to Moses on Mt. Sinai.

– It foreshadowed the Holy Spirit coming down on Pentecost to dwell in us.

-Pentecost is the wheat harvest. Jesus calls himself the human grain of wheat. In order for us to receive more – Jesus  had to die and be planted in the ground. (Jesus was involved in Pentecost) A grain of wheat must be buried to bear fruit. The son of God must die and be buried to bear fruit.

– Just as wheat has to be crushed, sifted and baked to become bread. Jesus was crushed, sifted and baked in the ovens of Hell for our sins. Jesus fulfilled the feast of Pentecost.

– Pentecost – God’s Power

-Trumpets – Rosh Hashanna

                        Blowing the trumpets to call all the people together

– represents the Rapture. God calls all people together.

-It is the foreshadowing of  the 2nd advent of Jesus. Will be fulfilled when Jesus comes back.

– Feast of Trumpets is a time of awakening or warning. It ushers in entrance or that something is going to be revealed. The trumpet is blown to get everyone’s attention.

– Has not been fulfilled yet. We don’t know what day it is going to be, but based on the seasons it is close. Do not let it take us by surprise. It will not sneak up on us. We need to be prepared for the Lord’s return.

– The word ‘rosh’ means the head of, the top, sovereign. 

-Trumpets was to prepare everyone for the day of atonement.

-For the Jews – Trumpets symbolized the voice of God, calling them to a special revelation (knowledge, prophet spoke, etc) or calling them to something (worship on the Sabbath, feasts).  It also meant that God was a mighty God and mighty warrior.  Like Joshua at Jericho.

-Trumpets ushers in the first of 10 days of repentance and it was a time:

– of partial fasting (there were certain things they could drink)

– of seeking God’s face

– of seeking God’s favor

– to repent of their sins. 

– for the Jews to make things right with one another. 

– to seek forgiveness

– to repay debts

The Jews took this very seriously. They felt that these things had to be done by sundown of the day of feast of trumpets (the 10th day) or your name would be stricken from the book life of the Jews (not the Lamb’s book of life), excommunicated from the nation (you were dead to the nation).

-Trumpets is the beginning of the festival time of feasts, that are not yet fulfilled by Christ, but Christ will come to fulfill them.

– How does Trumpets apply to the church? 

Rev 1:10 tells us that the trumpet was God speaking out. Jesus was the trumpet. God is speaking to the church. Church needs to listen for the trumpet. The church needs to listen to God. The church needs to have spiritual leaders who will listen to God. The trumpet is for us – to go out into the world and spread the good news.

-The ultimate fulfillment of Trumpets will be the Rapture.  Rev. 11:15 – that is when the trumpets blow, we hear Christ coming. Jesus is the trumpet of God and the horn of our salvation.

Day of Awe – prior to the day of atonement. It runs from 2 hours before sunset to 2 hours after sunset – about 28 hours. The Jews are in fasting, do good deeds for each other, stop working (except for priests), spiritually prepare themselves. They are only seeking God. They Greet each other with hope and concern, “may your name be in the book of life…” “May you have a good signature.”

-Day of Atonement – Yon Kippur

– Matt 25:31-33 atonement will be fulfilled when Jesus cleanses the earth by separating the sheep and goats.

-This is the 7th feast of Israel. The number 7 is the number of completion.

– Atonement means to cover, make reconciliation, to passify or appease, to clear, to purge, to cleanse. Gen 6:14 – Noah is instructed to ‘cover’ the Ark with pitch. The same word used to tell Noah to ‘cover’ the ark with pitch.   

-It is the most solemn and holy day of year – day of atonement. 

-Great day of national cleansing and forgiveness – not for personal cleansing. 

-Only required day (only day in bible) of complete fasting.

– The Jews believe the final accounting of souls and final judgment will come on the Day of Atonement.  It is also called the day of Forgiveness. They call it Yom Kippur.

-Lev 16 – The high priest’s most important duty was to minister on the Day of Atonement. If the priest made a mistake, on this day, the whole nation would suffer – they would not be forgiven. 

-Lev. 16:4 – Before the priest did anything he would cleanse himself first. The priests dressed for the service.  They wore white robes, sash, turbans – these were not glamorous garments – they were not elaborate or beautiful.  They were very ordinary garments. He made a sin offering for himself first – he sacrificed a bull for himself. He had to atone for his own sins before he could ask God to forgive the nation. Then he made a sin offering for the nation. 

-He enters into the Holy of Holies

-Takes some of the blood from the sacrifice into the tabernacle

-Passes through the outer room

-He would stop at the incense altar, pull coal from the altar and fill the golden censor.

-He would fill his hands with incense.

-He would approach the holy of holies, where God’s presence was.

-He would go behind the veil with incense, into the holy of holies, where ark of covenant was. 

-The mercy seat was on top (the lid) of the ark of the covenant.

-A great light was visible – the shekinah glory of God.

-Put incense over the coals to create a White clouds of smoke.

-He sprinkled blood sprinkled on the mercy seat seven times 7-symbol of completion).

-Greek word for mercy meant Propitiation. This was to turn away God’s wrath by satisfying His violated justice. We are going to do this in hopes that you forgive us.

-Heb 9:22 – shedding of blood for forgiveness of sin.

-Heb 12:24 – The blood of Jesus is crying out for mercy.

The blood of Able cried out for vengeance. 

The message is clear – Blood Speaks!

-2 goats were offered:

-1 was sacrificed (scapegoat)

-1 was set free

Lots were cast to see which one was set free.

The goat symbolized the sins of the nation.  The high priest leaned heavily with his body weight on the goat – which symbolized the transfer of the nations sins. The high priest took the sins of the nation and put it on the goat. Then he cut the goat’s throat and took the blood into the holy of holies to the mercy seat. Standing in the incense cloud – because he already did this with the blood of the bull to cleanse himself.

– The blood changes God’s throne from a throne of pure judgment to one of mercy.

-On other sacrifice days the Jews could bring in sacrifices based on their social standing (their income – what they could afford) but for atonement they could only bring in a goat. This meant they had to suck it up and pay the price for the goat. Today we do not want to pay the price to do what we have to do to be followers of Christ. God said “this day you must do this” (bring the goat) there was a reason for it. It applies to us today.

-1st Goat (the one that died) represented the people.

-2nd goat scapegoat was let go into the wilderness (uninhabited area). This was evidence that the sacrifice was accomplished.

– Every year this was repeated, atonement was never finished.  Sins were covered up for a year at a time. Atonement means cover up. Their sins were covered up for a year.

-Tabernacles – Sukkot

-will be fulfilled when Jesus returns to Tabernacle with the redeemed.

-In Lev 23 – The Feast of Tabernacles began on the 15th day of Tishri and lasted until the 21st.  On the 22nd there was a special Sabbath, which was a day of rest, followed by a day of much rejoicing.

-The Feast of Tabernacles has 2 aspects:

-Looked back to the 40 year wilderness wandering, living in shelters, tents, or booths

-Also a time to look ahead. 

-Tabernacles also called the Feast of Ingathering. It was at the end of the harvest season. Harvest was a lot of work. It was a time of celebrating the completion of the harvest. It was a time of great rejoicing.

-This is the 8th feast – tabernacles is also called booths because the Jews slept in booths or shelters during the feast.  It is a Time of seeking God and not things from God.

-It is a time of pouring of Water. (Lev 23:36) It took place on the last day of the feast. It was called the Day of Hosanna (means saves now). They would pray for salvation through the messiah. A special thanksgiving offering was made for rain to soften the ground for plowing.  It was also a time that pointed to the messiah who would bring them living waters of the spirit. A younger priests would draw water with a golden pitcher from the Pool of Salome, which would be taken to the temple and poured over sacrifices. This was in remembrance of the time God gave them water from the rock – when Moses struck the rock. God provides for His people. The trumpets were blown and the people waved palm branches sang the psalms 113-118.

-How is Jesus our tabernacle? 

Jesus is our rest; you go into a tabernacle for rest.

-Matt 11:28-30 – Jesus said we can rest in God through Him (Jesus)

-Jesus is called Emmanuel. Emmanuel means ‘God with us’. When God is with us we can rest, through Christ, in God.

Pouring of the water – in John 7:2,6-10,37-39 – it talks about how this is the late and greatest day of the feast.  Jesus made a bold statement “I am your hosanna, I am your salvation, I will give you living waters”. Many believe that when the priest was pouring the water onto the ground is when Jesus stood and said this. He came to satisfy their spiritual thirst.

-Jesus is the ‘sent one’. The pool of Salome is considered the ‘sent pool’.

-John 7:16 – I came from Him who sent me.

-Jesus is the pool from which the living water will spring up in us.

Jesus is the light of the Temple. In John 8:12 – Jesus came to give us spiritual light. The Jews rejected the light (Jesus). They liked rituals more than they loved God. They were looking for a political messiah. As a result they have been wandering for 2000 years. The Jews who did not accept Him have missed the ‘rest of Jesus’ during this church age.

-This Feast will be fulfilled when Jesus returns at His 2nd advent to tabernacle with His people on earth.  It represents the 1000 year reign of Jesus on earth – which is called the millennium.

-Revelation 20- The curse of sin will be removed from the earth, and satan will be bound. 

-Revelation 21 22- There will be a New heaven and new earth. This will be the 8th day of rest for us. Final rest is when God comes to live with His people.

-Revelation 22:1-5 talks about a river of living water that will flow from the throne of God.  Whatever we need, will be there, all we have to do is walk over and take a drink. No more need for energy, God’s shekinah glory will power and illuminate everything. This will happen when God comes to tabernacle with us.

Tabernacles can also mean the season of the fall feasts.

These feasts symbolize ‘God’s rest’:

Matt 5:17”Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them.” (NIV)


Jesus took bread and wine and established a new ordinance called the Lord ’s Supper.

-His body was Unleavened bread.

-His blood was the Passover.


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