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Jude Inductive Studies Lesson 2

February 8, 2009

Jude Precept Study

 

Lesson 2  Verses 1 to 4

 

Jude, a bond-servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James, To those who are the called, beloved in God the Father, and kept for Jesus Christ:

(Jude 1:1)

 

What does it mean and what is your responsibility?

 

2. b. Called – 15kletos (Adjective)”called, invited,” is used, (a) “of the call of the Gospel,” Mt. 20:16; 22:14, not there “an effectual call,” as in the Epistles, Ro. 1:1,6,7; 8:28; 1Co. 1:2,24; Jude. 1:1; Re. 17:14; in Ro. 1:7; 1Co. 1:2 the meaning is “saints by calling;” (b) of “an appointment to apostleship,” Ro. 1:1; 1Co. 1:1.

 c. 1) Therefore do not be ashamed of the testimony of our Lord or of me His prisoner, but join with me in suffering for the gospel according to the power of God, who has saved us and called us with a holy calling, not according to our works, but according to His own purpose and grace which was granted us in Christ Jesus from all eternity,

(2 Timothy 1:8-9)

 

Do not be ashamed of Jesus,  join in suffering for the gospel,  I have a holy calling according to Jesus own purpose.  I have been granted grace in Christ Jesus for eternity.

 

c. 2) But we should always give thanks to God for you, brethren beloved by the Lord, because God has chosen you from the beginning for salvation through sanctification by the Spirit and faith in the truth. It was for this He called you through our gospel, that you may gain the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.

(2 Thessalonians 2:13-14)

 

Chosen from the beginning for salvation, sanctification being done by the Spirit and faith in truth.  It is for salvation purposes that I was called to gain the glory of Jesus Christ.

 

c. 3) But you are A CHOSEN RACE, A royal PRIESTHOOD, A HOLY NATION, A PEOPLE FOR  God’s OWN POSSESSION, so that you may proclaim the excellencies of Him who has called you out of darkness into His marvelous light;

(1 Peter 2:9)

 

I am part of a chosen race,  a royal priesthood, a holy nation, part of a people for God’s own possession, so that I may proclaim the excellent glory of Jesus Christ who called me out of my darkness into light.

 

c. 4) And we know that God causes all things to work together for good to those who love God, to those who are called according to  His purpose. For those whom He foreknew, He also predestined to become conformed to the image of His Son, so that He would be the firstborn among many brethren; and these whom He predestined, He also called; and these whom He called, He also justified; and these whom He justified, He also glorified.

(Romans 8:28-30)

 

This is beyond my ability to take in.  In my sinful state, my darkness – the love of Christ reached into my life and saved me from myself and my wrongheaded life.  God caused all of my sin to become part of a ministry – a calling – working together to produce a good and righteous life in Christ Jesus,  I went from being so wrong to being conformed into the image of Christ.  I understand this,  but I am unable to comprehend the full meaning of the amazing glory and grace that God has poured and continues to pour into my life.


Day 2

 

Jude, a bond-servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James, To those who are the called, beloved in God the Father, and kept for Jesus Christ: May mercy and peace and love be multiplied to you. Beloved, while I was making every effort to write you about our common salvation, I felt the necessity to write to you appealing that you contend earnestly for the faith which was once for all handed down to the saints. For certain persons have crept in unnoticed, those who were long beforehand marked out for this condemnation, ungodly persons who turn the grace of our God into licentiousness and deny our only Master and Lord, Jesus Christ. Now I desire to remind you, though you know all things once for all, that the Lord, after saving a people out of the land of Egypt, subsequently destroyed those who did not believe. And angels who did not keep their own domain, but abandoned their proper abode, He has kept in eternal bonds under darkness for the judgment of the great day, just as Sodom and Gomorrah and the cities around them, since they in the same way as these indulged in gross immorality and went after strange flesh, are exhibited as an example in undergoing the punishment of eternal fire. Yet in the same way these men, also by dreaming, defile the flesh, and reject authority, and revile angelic majesties. But Michael the archangel, when he disputed with the devil and argued about the body of Moses, did not dare pronounce against him a railing judgment, but said, “The Lord rebuke you!” But these men revile the things which they do not understand; and the things which they know by instinct, like unreasoning animals, by these things they are destroyed. Woe to them! For they have gone the way of Cain, and for pay they have rushed headlong into the error of Balaam, and perished in the rebellion of Korah. These are the men who are hidden reefs in your love feasts when they feast with you without fear, caring for themselves; clouds without water, carried along by winds; autumn trees without fruit, doubly dead, uprooted; wild waves of the sea, casting up their own shame like foam; wandering stars, for whom the black darkness has been reserved forever. It was also about these men that Enoch, in the seventh generation from Adam, prophesied, saying, “Behold, the Lord came with many thousands of His holy ones, to execute judgment upon all, and to convict all the ungodly of all their ungodly deeds which they have done in an ungodly way, and of all the harsh things which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him.” These are grumblers, finding fault, following after their own lusts; they speak arrogantly, flattering people for the sake of gaining an advantage. But you, beloved, ought to remember the words that were spoken beforehand by the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ, that they were saying to you, “In the last time there will be mockers, following after their own ungodly lusts.” These are the ones who cause divisions, worldly-minded, devoid of the Spirit. But you, beloved, building yourselves up on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Spirit, keep yourselves in the love of God, waiting anxiously for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ to eternal life. And have mercy on some, who are doubting; save others, snatching them out of the fire; and on some have mercy with fear, hating even the garment polluted by the flesh. Now to Him who is able to keep you from stumbling, and to make you stand in the presence of His glory blameless with great joy, to the only God our Savior, through Jesus Christ our Lord, be glory, majesty, dominion and authority, before all time and now and forever. Amen.

(Jude 1:1-25 NASB)

 

 

 

 

 

2. a What if God, although willing to demonstrate His wrath and to make His power known, endured with much patience vessels of wrath prepared for destruction? And He did so to make known the riches of His glory upon vessels of mercy, which He prepared beforehand for glory, even us, whom He also called, not from among Jews only, but also from among Gentiles. As He says also in Hosea, “I WILL CALL THOSE WHO WERE NOT MY PEOPLE, ‘MY PEOPLE,’ AND HER WHO WAS NOT BELOVED, ‘BELOVED.'” “AND IT SHALL BE THAT IN THE PLACE WHERE IT WAS SAID TO THEM, ‘YOU ARE NOT MY PEOPLE,’ THERE THEY SHALL BE CALLED SONS OF THE LIVING GOD.”

(Romans 9:22-26 NASB)

 

2.b See how great a love the Father has bestowed on us, that we would be called children of God; and such we are. For this reason the world does not know us, because it did not know Him. Beloved, now we are children of God, and it has not appeared as yet what we will be. We know that when He appears, we will be like Him, because we will see Him just as He is. And everyone who has this hope fixed on Him purifies himself, just as He is pure.

(1 John 3:1-3 NASB)

 

2.c  Therefore be imitators of God, as beloved children; and walk in love, just as Christ also loved you and gave Himself up for us, an offering and a sacrifice to God as a fragrant aroma.

(Ephesians 5:1-2 NASB)

 

Day 3

 

Kept – Thayer Definition:

1) to attend to carefully, take care of

1a) to guard

1b) metaphorically to keep, one in the state in which he is

1c) to observe

1d) to reserve: to undergo something

G5083

τηρέω

tēreō

tay-reh’-o

From τηρός teros (a watch; perhaps akin to G2334); to guard (from loss or injury, properly by keeping the eye upon; and thus differing from G5442, which is properly to prevent escaping; and from G2892, which implies a fortress or full military lines of apparatus), that is, to note (a prophecy; figuratively to fulfil a command); by implication to detain (in custody; figuratively to maintain); by extension to withhold (for personal ends; figuratively to keep unmarried): – hold fast, keep (-er), (ob-, pre-, re) serve, watch.

 

 

 

Translated Words

  KJV (75) – hold fast, 1; keep, 57; keeper, 1; observe, 4; preserve, 2; reserve, 8; watch, 2;

NAS (71) – continue, 1; guard, 1; guards, 1; heed, 2; heeds, 1; held in custody, 1; keep, 27; keep watch over, 1; keeping, 1; keeping guard over, 1; keeps, 9; kept, 12; kept in custody, 3; observe, 3; preserve, 1; preserved, 1; reserved, 4; watching over, 1;

 

Jesus Christ is watching over me!

 

3. Kept is mentioned in

(Jude 1:1 NASB)  Jude, a bond-servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James, To those who are the called, beloved in God the Father, and kept for Jesus Christ:

 

(Jude 1:6 NASB)  And angels who did not keep their own domain, but abandoned their proper abode, He has kept in eternal bonds under darkness for the judgment of the great day,

 

Keep is mentioned in

(Jude 1:6 NASB)  And angels who did not keep their own domain, but abandoned their proper abode, He has kept in eternal bonds under darkness for the judgment of the great day,

 

(Jude 1:21 NASB)  keep yourselves in the love of God, waiting anxiously for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ to eternal life.

 

(Jude 1:24 NASB)  Now to Him who is able to keep you from stumbling, and to make you stand in the presence of His glory blameless with great joy,

 

 

Day 4

 

1. (Jude 1:3 NASB)  Beloved, while I was making every effort to write you about our common salvation, I felt the necessity to write to you appealing that you contend earnestly for the faith which was once for all handed down to the saints.

 

(Jude 1:4 NASB)  For certain persons have crept in unnoticed, those who were long beforehand marked out for this condemnation, ungodly persons who turn the grace of our God into licentiousness and deny our only Master and Lord, Jesus Christ.

 

G1864

ἐπαγωνίζομαι

epagōnizomai

ep-ag-o-nid’-zom-ahee

From G1909 and G75; to struggle for: – earnestly contend for.

G1864

ἐπαγωνίζομαι

epagōnizomai

Thayer Definition:

1) to contend

Part of Speech: verb

A Related Word by Thayer’s/Strong’s Number: from G1909 and G75

Citing in TDNT: 1:134, 20

 

 

2. I am to actively struggle, work, make every effort to grow in, mature, and maintain my faith in Jesus Christ.

 

Faith

 

pistis (G4102), primarily, “firm persuasion,” a conviction based upon hearing (akin to peitho, “to persuade”), is used in the NT always of “faith in God or Christ, or things spiritual.”

The word is used of (a) trust, e.g., Rom_3:25 [see Note (4) below]; 1Co_2:5; 1Co_15:14, 1Co_15:17; 2Co_1:24; Gal_3:23 [see Note (5) below]; Phi_1:25; Phi_2:17; 1Th_3:2; 2Th_1:3; 2Th_3:2; (b) trust-worthiness, e.g., Mat_23:23; Rom_3:3, RV, “the faithfulness of God”; Gal_5:22 (RV, “faithfulness”); Tit_2:10, “fidelity”; (c) by metonymy, what is believed, the contents of belief, the “faith,” Act_6:7; Act_14:22; Gal_1:23; Gal_3:25 [contrast Gal_3:23, under (a)]; Gal_6:10; Phi_1:27; 1Th_3:10; Jud_1:3, Jud_1:20 (and perhaps 2Th_3:2); (d) a ground for “faith,” an assurance, Act_17:31 (not as in KJV, marg., “offered faith”); (e) a pledge of fidelity, plighted “faith,” 1Ti_5:12.

The main elements in “faith” in its relation to the invisible God, as distinct from “faith” in man, are especially brought out in the use of this noun and the corresponding verb, pisteuo; they are (1) a firm conviction, producing a full acknowledgement of God’s revelation or truth, e.g., 2Th_2:11-12; (2) a personal surrender to Him, Joh_1:12; (3) a conduct inspired by such surrender, 2Co_5:7. Prominence is given to one or other of these elements according to the context. All this stands in contrast to belief in its purely natural exercise, which consists of an opinion held in good “faith” without necessary reference to its proof. The object of Abraham’s “faith” was not God’s promise (that was the occasion of its exercise); his “faith” rested on God Himself, Rom_4:17, Rom_4:20-21. See ASSURANCE, BELIEF, FAITHFULNESS, FIDELITY.

Notes: (1) In Heb_10:23, elpis, “hope,” is mistranslated “faith” in the KJV (RV, “hope”). (2) In Act_6:8 the most authentic mss. have charis, “grace,” RV, for pistis, “faith.” (3) In Rom_3:3, RV, apistia, is rendered “want of faith,” for KJV, “unbelief” (so translated elsewhere). See UNBELIEF. The verb apisteo in that verse is rendered “were without faith,” RV, for KJV, “did not believe.” (4) In Rom_3:25, the KJV wrongly links “faith” with “in His blood,” as if “faith” is reposed in the blood (i.e., the death) of Christ; the en is instrumental; “faith” rests in the living Person; hence the RV rightly puts a comma after “through faith,” and renders the next phrase “by His blood,” which is to be connected with “a propitiation.” Christ became a propitiation through His blood (i.e., His death in expiatory sacrifice for sin). (5) In Gal_3:23, though the article stands before “faith” in the original, “faith” is here to be taken as under (a) above, and as in Gal_3:22, and not as under (c), “the faith”; the article is simply that of renewed mention. (6) For the difference between the teaching of Paul and that of James, on “faith” and works, see Notes on Galatians, by Hogg and Vine, pp. 117-119.

 

Faith is my response to hearing the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Word of God.  Faith is active, struggles against sin, evil and always finds a way to glorify and honor God.

 

3. a. Faith is something that is part of the gift of the grace of Jesus Christ,  is to be protected, kept, guarded, watched over, and sometimes involves great struggle to maintain.  Faith grows, changes, and always moves me closer to Christ, to God, and more intimacy with the Holy Spirit.

 

B.

1. read Gal 1:23 in context of 1:11-13

(Galatians 1:11 NASB)  For I would have you know, brethren, that the gospel which was preached by me is not according to man.

 

(Galatians 1:12 NASB)  For I neither received it from man, nor was I taught it, but I received it through a revelation of Jesus Christ.

 

(Galatians 1:13 NASB)  For you have heard of my former manner of life in Judaism, how I used to persecute the church of God beyond measure and tried to destroy it;

 

(Galatians 1:23 NASB)  but only, they kept hearing, “He who once persecuted us is now preaching the faith which he once tried to destroy.”

 

I was saved to faith in Christ and am still being saved to preach the gospel message of Jesus Christ Lord and Savior, despite my former evil ways.

 

2. (Ephesians 4:1 NASB)  Therefore I, the prisoner of the Lord, implore you to walk in a manner worthy of the calling with which you have been called,

 

(Ephesians 4:2 NASB)  with all humility and gentleness, with patience, showing tolerance for one another in love,

 

(Ephesians 4:3 NASB)  being diligent to preserve the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace.

 

(Ephesians 4:4 NASB)  There is one body and one Spirit, just as also you were called in one hope of your calling;

 

(Ephesians 4:5 NASB)  one Lord, one faith, one baptism,

 

(Ephesians 4:6 NASB)  one God and Father of all who is over all and through all and in all.

 

Make sure I keep in mind, in sight, the perspective of what the gift of Faith is to me and my mission in serving Christ in this world.  Walking my life in a manner worthy of the Lord.

 

3. (1 Timothy 4:1 NASB)  But the Spirit explicitly says that in later times some will fall away from the faith, paying attention to deceitful spirits and doctrines of demons,

 

(1 Timothy 4:2 NASB)  by means of the hypocrisy of liars seared in their own conscience as with a branding iron,

 

(1 Timothy 4:3 NASB)  men who forbid marriage and advocate abstaining from foods which God has created to be gratefully shared in by those who believe and know the truth.

 

(1 Timothy 4:6 NASB)  In pointing out these things to the brethren, you will be a good servant of Christ Jesus, constantly nourished on the words of the faith and of the sound doctrine which you have been following.

 

Times will come when many who once professed faith will abandon it for deceitful spirits, ways of thinking (doctrines) that are promoted by demons.  I am to be watchful, teach the truth about these things,  and constantly feed myself with the Word and stay in sound truthful doctrine.

 

4. (Philippians 1:27 NASB)  Only conduct yourselves in a manner worthy of the gospel of Christ, so that whether I come and see you or remain absent, I will hear of you that you are standing firm in one spirit, with one mind striving together for the faith of the gospel;

 

(Philippians 1:28 NASB)  in no way alarmed by your opponents–which is a sign of destruction for them, but of salvation for you, and that too, from God.

 

No matter where I am or who I am with,  behave and act in ways that reflect my faith in Jesus Christ,  proving the power of the gospel in my life, not being alarmed by anyone or anything opposing me,  God is watching, keeping me , and empowering me in faith.

 

5. (1 Corinthians 16:13 NASB)  Be on the alert, stand firm in the faith, act like men, be strong.

 

My faith requires attention, watchfulness, and being strong.

 

c. Hymn: Faith of our fathers, living still,

In spite of dungeon, fire and sword;

O how our hearts beat high with joy

Whenever we hear that glorious Word!

 

Refrain

 

Faith of our fathers, holy faith!

We will be true to thee till death.

 

Faith of our fathers, we will strive

To win all nations unto Thee;

And through the truth that comes from God,

We all shall then be truly free.

 

Refrain

 

Faith of our fathers, we will love

Both friend and foe in all our strife;

And preach Thee, too, as love knows how

By kindly words and virtuous life.

 

Refrain

 

 

 

Day 5.

 

1. (Jude 1:4 NASB)  For certain persons have crept in unnoticed, those who were long beforehand marked out for this condemnation, ungodly persons who turn the grace of our God into licentiousness and deny our only Master and Lord, Jesus Christ.

 

 

 

G4270

προγράφω

prographō

prog-raf’-o

From G4253 and G1125; to write previously; figuratively to announce, prescribe: – before ordain, evidently set forth, write (afore, aforetime).

G3819

πάλαι

palai

pal’-ahee

Probably another form for G3825 (through the idea of retrocession); (adverbially) formerly, or (relatively) sometime since; (elliptically as adjective) ancient: – any while, a great while ago, (of) old, in time past.

Thayer Definition:

1) to write before (of time)

1a) of old set forth or designated before hand (in the scriptures of the OT)

2) to depict or portray openly

2a) to write before the eyes of all who can read

2b) to depict, portray, paint, before the eyes

 

Some people have such hard hearts,  they will not se, listen to, or care about Who God is and what He is trying to do for us.  This attitude and mind set condemns them.  God knew about this problem before he started the world and humans.

 

2. a. (Romans 15:4 NASB)  For whatever was written in earlier times was written for our instruction, so that through perseverance and the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope.

 

b. (Ephesians 3:3 NASB)  that by revelation there was made known to me the mystery, as I wrote before in brief.

 

c. (Galatians 3:1 NASB)  You foolish Galatians, who has bewitched you, before whose eyes Jesus Christ was publicly portrayed as crucified?

 

These things were written about to provide good instruction and give me hope.

Day 5

 

Jude was warning and encouraging believers to guard against false deceptive teachers who are good at pretending, but are operating against God.

 

Marked out beforehand – Thayer Definition:

1) to write before (of time)

1a) of old set forth or designated before hand (in the scriptures of the OT)

2) to depict or portray openly

2a) to write before the eyes of all who can read

2b) to depict, portray, paint, before the eyes

 

2. a. For whatever was written in earlier times was written for our instruction, so that through perseverance and the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope.

(Romans 15:4)

 

b. that by revelation there was made known to me the mystery, as I wrote before in brief.

(Ephesians 3:3)

 

c. You foolish Galatians, who has bewitched you, before whose eyes Jesus Christ was publicly portrayed as crucified?

(Galatians 3:1)

 

Grace – G5485

χάρις

charis

Thayer Definition:

1) grace

1a) that which affords joy, pleasure, delight, sweetness, charm, loveliness: grace of speech

2) good will, loving-kindness, favour

2a) of the merciful kindness by which God, exerting his holy influence upon souls, turns them to Christ, keeps, strengthens, increases them in Christian faith, knowledge, affection, and kindles them to the exercise of the Christian virtues

3) what is due to grace

3a) the spiritual condition of one governed by the power of divine grace

3b) the token or proof of grace, benefit

3b1) a gift of grace

3b2) benefit, bounty

4) thanks, (for benefits, services, favours), recompense, reward

Part of Speech: noun feminine

A Related Word by Thayer’s/Strong’s Number: from G5463

Citing in TDNT: 9:372, 1298

 

3.b. G766

ἀσέλγεια

aselgeia

Thayer Definition:

1) unbridled lust, excess, licentiousness, lasciviousness, wantonness, outrageousness, shamelessness, insolence

Part of Speech: noun feminine

A Related Word by Thayer’s/Strong’s Number: from a compound of G1 (as a negative particle) and a presumed selges (of uncertain derivation, but apparently meaning continent)

Citing in TDNT: 1:490, 83

 

Taking grace given by God and turning it upside down.

 

3.c. For the grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation to all men, instructing us to deny ungodliness and worldly desires and to live sensibly, righteously and godly in the present age, looking for the blessed hope and the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior, Christ Jesus, who gave Himself for us to redeem us from every lawless deed, and to purify for Himself a people for His own possession, zealous for good deeds.

(Titus 2:11-14)

 

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